Research - Outcome Studies
A randomized controlled trial of rehabilitation after hospitalization in frail older women: effects on strength, balance and mobility.
Year: 2002 Country: Finland Study Population: N=34/34 (training group/home exercise group)
Timonen L, Rantanen T, Ryynänen O, Taimela S, Timonen T, Sulkava R. A randomized controlled trial of rehabilitation after hospitalization in frail older women: effects on strength, balance and mobility. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 2002;12(3):186-192.
To examine the effects of an out-patient multicomponent training program including strength training on muscle strength, balance and walking speed in old, home-dwelling, frail women after hospitalization and to determine how long the effects will last.
10-week training period (20 sessions) with a follow-up at 3 and 9 months after the end of the intervention. In the training group, exercises consisted of knee extension, knee flexion and hip abduction device exercises + functional exercises.
Main outcomes: isometric strength of knee extension and hip abduction, dynamic balance (Berg Balance Scale), maximal walking speed.
After the intervention: significant improvements were observed in the training group compared
to the home exercise group in isometric knee extension strength (p=0.009), balance scale (p=0.001) and walking speed (p=0.022).
3-month follow-up: Effects on knee extension and hip abduction strength, balance and walking speed were still observed.
9-month follow-up: some effects on hip abduction strength (p=0.004) and walking speed were still observed.